This study aims to analyze the effect of food security (FS), Islamic financing in the agricultural sector (ASF), Islamic non-performing financing (NPF), and the exchange rate (ER) on economic growth (GDP) in Indonesia. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag method is used in this study. The research data uses quarterly data from 2014Q1 to 2020Q4. The results showed that in the long run, food security had a significant positive effect on economic growth, while non-performing financing had a significant negative effect on economic growth. While the financing of the agricultural sector has no significant effect. Subsequent findings in the short term explain that the financing of the agricultural sector has a significant positive effect and the exchange rate has a significant negative effect. Food security, non-performing financing, and agricultural sector financing have no significant effect. The results of the Toda-Yamamoto Granger non causality test show that all explanatory variables have a direct two-way relationship with economic growth, except for financing in the agricultural sector. Non-performing financing and financing for the agricultural sector have a relationship with food security. Based on these findings, the government needs to improve food security, labor productivity in order to increase economic growth. In addition, the government needs to control indicators on Islamic banks, especially the problem of bad financing which must be reduced. In addition, the need for encouragement from Islamic banks to be able to channel more financing, especially the agricultural sector and provide relief so that there is a continuation in the long term. Finally, the government is expected to be able to maintain the stability of the rupiah exchange rate.
Keywords: Economic growth, food security, Non-performing financing, sharia financing, exchange rates